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Voice over Internet protocol (VoIP)

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1 Author(s)
Goode, B. ; AT&T Labs., Weston, CT, USA

During the Internet stock bubble, articles in the trade press frequently said that, in the near future, telephone traffic would be just another application running over the Internet. Such statements gloss over many engineering details that preclude voice from being just another Internet application. This paper deals with the technical aspects of implementing voice over Internet protocol (VoIP), without speculating on the timetable for convergence. First, the paper discusses the factors involved in making a high-quality VoIP call and the engineering tradeoffs that must be made between delay and the efficient use of bandwidth. After a discussion of codec selection and the delay budget, there is a discussion of various techniques to achieve network quality of service. Since call setup is very important, the paper next gives an overview of several VoIP call signaling protocols, including H.323, SIP, MGCP, and Megaco/H.248. There is a section on telephony routing over IP (TRIP). Finally, the paper explains some VoIP issues with network address translation and firewalls

Published in:

Proceedings of the IEEE  (Volume:90 ,  Issue: 9 )