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A quantitative study of radiative, Auger, and defect related recombination processes in 1.3-μm GaInNAs-based quantum-well lasers

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7 Author(s)
Fehse, R. ; Dept. of Phys., Surrey Univ., Guildford, UK ; Tomic, Stanko ; Adams, A.R. ; Sweeney, S.J.
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By measuring the spontaneous emission (SE) from normally operating ∼1.3-μm GaInNAs-GaAs-based lasers we have quantitatively determined the variation of each of the current paths present in the devices as a function of temperature from 130 K to 370 K. From the SE measurements we determine how the current I close to threshold, varies as a function of carrier density n, which enables us to separate out the main current paths corresponding to monomolecular (defect-related), radiative or Auger recombination. We find that defect-related recombination forms ∼55% of the threshold current at room temperature (RT). At RT, radiative recombination accounts for ∼20% of Ith with the remaining ∼25% being due to nonradiative Auger recombination. Theoretical calculations of the threshold carrier, density as a function of temperature were also performed, using a ten-band k · p Hamiltonian. Together with the experimentally determined defect-related, radiative, and Auger currents we deduce the temperature variation of the respective recombination coefficients (A, B, and C). These are compared with theoretical calculations of the coefficients and good agreement is obtained. Our results suggest that by eliminating the dominant defect-related current path, the threshold current density of these GaInNAs-GaAs-based devices would be approximately halved at RT. Such devices could then have threshold current densities comparable with the best InGaAsP/InP-based lasers with the added advantages provided by the GaAs system that are important for vertical integration.

Published in:

Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Jul/Aug 2002

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