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A stand-along digital protective relay for power transformers

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3 Author(s)
Hermanto, I. ; Fac. of Eng. & Appl. Sci., Memorial Univ. of Newfoundland, St. John''s, Nfld., Canada ; Murty, Y.V.V.S. ; Rahman, M.A.

The complete design of a stand-alone prototype digital protective relay for three-phase power transformers is described. The major emphasis is on the detailed description of the hardware and software of the prototype relay. The protection functions implemented include: a percentage differential protection with a second-harmonic restraint for magnetizing inrush and a fifth-harmonic restraint for overexcitation conditions, and a separate protection for high-impedance primary and secondary ground faults. The relay design is tested with the Fourier algorithm, and any other relay algorithm can be used by replacing only one subroutine. The relay hardware consists of a data acquisition board and a digital processing board which is based on the TMS320E15 processor. Sample real-time test cases are discussed. The results show that the relay never misoperated and correctly identified all the faults

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Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 1 )