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An operational scheme for masking cloud-contaminated pixels in Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) daytime data over land is developed, evaluated, and presented. Dynamic thresholding is used with channel 1 reflectance data, channel 3 minus channel 4 temperature difference data, and channel 4 minus channel 5 temperature difference data to automatically create a cloud mask for a single image. The dynamic thresholds can be applied in two different ways: to each pixel individually and to classes of pixels determined by an unsupervised minimum Euclidian distance classifier. The dynamic threshold cloud-masking (DTCM) algorithm presented in this study is used to produce cloud masks based on three different configurations: two channels and individual pixels, three channels and individual pixels, and three channels and classes of pixels. These cloud masks are compared with control masks that were created by visual inspection. The results from the clouds from AVHRR (CLAVR) algorithm and the cloud and surface parameter retrieval (CASPR) algorithm are also compared with the control masks. The results of the comparisons indicate that DTCM, applied on a pixel-by-pixel basis, correctly identifies more clear pixels than CASPR or CLAVR while correctly identifying a comparable or higher number of cloud-contaminated pixels.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:40 , Issue: 8 )
Date of Publication: Aug 2002