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Bubbles as sources of ambient noise

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2 Author(s)
Pumphrey, H.C. ; Dept. of Eng., Cambridge Univ., UK ; Ffowcs Williams, J.E.

It has been shown that the main mechanism which produces the Knudsen region of the ambient noise spectrum is the free oscillations of bubbles. Some experimental results which seem to confirm these facts and to refute various alternative theories involving spray impacts and turbulent forcing of bubble oscillations are described. The results show that the mechanism which excites the bubbles is their formation at the surface; once a bubble has been formed and has radiated the excess energy resulting from its formation, it is more or less silent. It is possible for extremely violent conditions to re-excite bubbles by breaking them into smaller fractions, but it is not clear how important this process would be in the ocean. How the entrainment process imparts energy to the bubble is discussed

Published in:

Oceanic Engineering, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Oct 1990

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