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A new approach to Johnson noise thermometry using a quantum voltage noise source for calibration

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6 Author(s)
Nam, S. ; Nat. Inst. of Stand. & Technol., Boulder, CO, USA ; Benz, S. ; Dresselhaus, P. ; Tew, W.L.
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We describe a new approach to Johnson noise thermometry (JNT) that takes advantage of the recent advances in Josephson voltage standards and digital signal processing techniques. Previous attempts at high-precision thermometry using Johnson noise have been limited by the non-ideal performance of the electronic systems. By using the perfect quantization of voltages from the Josephson effect, any arbitrary broadband waveform can be synthesized and used as a calculable noise source for calibrating the cross-correlation electronics. With better calibration, we should be able to achieve relative accuracies of parts in 10/sup 5/ for an arbitrary temperature in the range between 84 K and 430 K. We present the latest measurements of our recently constructed JNT system.

Published in:

Precision Electromagnetic Measurements, 2002. Conference Digest 2002 Conference on

Date of Conference:

16-21 June 2002