Skip to Main Content
Passive components such as capacitors and inductors are often used in high-frequency circuits. EM engineers often model the frequency response of these components by adding "parasitic" components to the circuit model. For instance, parasitic resistors and inductors are added to the model of a capacitor. Some capacitors also exhibit an electrical response when stressed physically. This response can be significant. This response is called the "microphonic effect" because the frequency of the response is often in the audible range. A simple operational amplifier circuit is used to examine this response for several off-the-shelf capacitors. Considerable variation is observed-depending on capacitor type, capacitor size, and physical location.