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Summary form only given. Quantum computers are expected to increase the efficiency of solving problems such as factoring large integers. However an experimental implementation of even relatively simple quantum information processing with a few to a dozen qubits presents an enormous technological challenge. One of the earliest proposals for quantum computation is based on implementing a quantum bit with two optical modes containing one photon. The proposal is appealing due to the ease with which photon interference can be observed. However these early proposals required huge single photon optical nonlinearities. Unfortunately currently available optical nonlinearities are too weak and too noisy to be useful. Recently however we have discovered that efficient quantum computation is possible using only beam splitters, phase shifters, single photon sources and photodetectors. Our methods exploit feed forward from photo-detectors and are robust against errors from photon loss and detector inefficiency. In this tutorial I will outline this scheme, highlighting the technical challenges required to implement it. The tutorial will be relatively self contained with a brief introduction to quantum optics and quantum computation.