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This study presents a technique that can significantly improve the performance of a distributed application by allowing the application to locally adapt to architectural characteristics of distinct resources in a distributed system. Application performance is sensitive to system architecture-application parameter pairings. In a distributed or Grid enabled application, a single parameter configuration for the whole application will not always be optimal for every participating resource. In particular, some configurations can significantly degrade performance. Furthermore, the behavior of a system may change during the course of the run. The technique described here provides an automated mechanism for run-time adaptation of application parameters to the local system architecture. Using a scaled-down simulation of a Monte Carlo physics code, we demonstrate that this technique can conservatively achieve speedups up to 65% on individual resources and may even provide order of magnitude speedup in the extreme case.