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Automatic segmentation of mammographic masses using fuzzy shadow and maximum-likelihood analysis

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5 Author(s)
Kinnard, L. ; Dept. of Radiol., Georgetown Univ. Med. Center, Washington, DC, USA ; Lo, S.-C.B. ; Wang, P. ; Freedman, M.T.
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This study attempted to accurately segment tumors in mammograms. Although this task is considered to be a preprocessing step in a computer analysis program, it plays an important role for further analysis of breast lesions. The region of interest (ROI) was segmented using the pixel aggregation and region growing techniques combined with maximum likelihood analysis. A fast segmentation algorithm has been developed to facilitate the segmentation process. The algorithm repetitively sweeps the ROI horizontally and vertically to aggregate the pixels that have intensifies higher than a threshold. The ROI is then fuzzified by the Gaussian envelope. With each segmented region for a given threshold step in the original ROI, the likelihood function is computed and is comprised of probability density functions inside and outside of the fuzzified ROI. We have implemented this method to test on 90 mammograms. We found the segmented region with the maximum likelihood corresponds to the body of tumor. However, the segmented region with the maximum change of likelihood corresponds to the tumor and it extended margin.

Published in:

Biomedical Imaging, 2002. Proceedings. 2002 IEEE International Symposium on

Date of Conference:

2002