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When a nerve cuff electrode is used for the recording of signals from peripheral nerves, cuff dimensions have to be chosen. Traditionally, the peak-to-peak amplitude of the single-fiber action potential (SFAP) is optimized through the choice of cuff diameter and cuff length. In this paper, the dependency of the root-mean-square (RMS) value of the nerve signal on the cuff dimensions was studied and compared with the peak-to-peak value of the SFAP. A simple approximation for signal optimization by cuff dimensioning is suggested. The results were obtained from modeled SFAPs and from the electroneurogram (ENG) created by superimposed SFAPs, obtained from an inhomogeneous volume conductor model. The results show that the RMS value of the nerve signal is considerably more sensitive to the cuff length than the SFAP peak-to-peak amplitude, and that the RMS of the ENG is a linear function of the fiber diameter.