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We derive upper bounds on the rate of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes for which reliable communication is achievable. We first generalize Gallager's (1963) bound to a general binary-input symmetric-output channel. We then proceed to derive tighter bounds. We also derive upper bounds on the rate as a function of the minimum distance of the code. We consider both individual codes and ensembles of codes.
Date of Publication: Sep 2002