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Interdigitated Ge p-i-n photodetectors fabricated on a Si substrate using graded SiGe buffer layers

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8 Author(s)

We report an interdigitated p-i-n photodetector fabricated on a 1-μm-thick Ge epitaxial layer grown on a Si substrate using a 10-μm-thick graded SiGe buffer layer. A growth rate of 45 Å/s∼60 Å/s was achieved using low-energy plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition. The Ge epitaxial layer had a threading dislocation density of 105 cm-2 and a rms surface roughness of 3.28 nm. The 3-dB bandwidth and the external quantum efficiency were measured on a photodetector having 1-μm finger width and 2-μm spacing with a 25×28 μm2 active area. At a wavelength of 1.3 μm, the bandwidth was 2.2, 3.5, and 3.8 GHz at bias voltages of -1, -3, and -5 V, respectively. The dark current was 3.2 and 5.0 μA at -3 and -5 V, respectively. This photodetector exhibited an external quantum efficiency of 49% at a wavelength of 1.3 μm.

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IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 9 )