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Uniqueness of multiangular measurements. II. Joint retrieval of vegetation structure and photosynthetic activity from MISR

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5 Author(s)
Gobron, N. ; Joint Res. Centre, Comm. of the Eur. Communities, Ispra, Italy ; Pinty, B. ; Verstraete, M.M. ; Widlowski, J.-L.
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For pt.I see ibid., vol.40, no.7, p.1560-73 (2002). The Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument on board the Terra platform offers the capability of acquiring reflectance data on any Earth target in four spectral bands, from nine different directions, in at most seven minutes, at a spatial resolution adequate for the monitoring of the status of terrestrial surfaces. This paper describes the implementation of a physical and mathematical approach to design a simple two-dimensional algorithm dedicated to the interpretation of data collected by this instrument. One dimension fully exploits the spectral information in the blue, red and near-infrared bands while the other dimension capitalizes on the multiangular capability of MISR to assess the anisotropic behavior of terrestrial surfaces with respect to solar radiation. The spectral information is derived following an approach proposed for single angle instruments, such as the MEdium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS), the Global Imager (GLI), the Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWIFS) and VEGETATION. The access to simultaneous multiangular observations from MISR allows extending this approach. This strategy delivers an estimate of the Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FAPAR), which pertains to vegetation photosynthetic activity and is a measure of the presence and density of vegetation.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 7 )