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In recent years, interest in natural energy has grown because of increased environmental concerns. Many kinds of inverter circuits and their control schemes for photovoltaic (PV) power generation systems have been studied. In a conventional system, the PV array in which many PV modules are connected in series is used to obtain sufficient DC-bus voltage for generating an AC utility line voltage from an inverter circuit. However, the total power generation of the PV array is sometimes decreased remarkably when a few modules are partially covered by shadows, thereby decreasing its inherent current generation, and preventing the generation current attaining its maximum value on the array. To overcome this drawback, an AC module strategy has been proposed. In this system, a small power DC-AC utility interactive inverter is mounted on each PV module individually. This inverter operates so as to generate the maximum power from its corresponding PV module. This paper proposes a novel flyback-type utility interactive inverter circuit suitable for AC module systems. The features of the proposed system are that it: (1) is small in volume and lightweight; (2) allows stable AC current injection into the utility line; (3) enables the stable parallel operation without AC current sharing control; and (4) enables the capacitance of the DC capacitor to be small. The effectiveness of the proposed system is clarified through simulation and experiments.
Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 2002. pesc 02. 2002 IEEE 33rd Annual (Volume:3 )
Date of Conference: 2002