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5.8-GHz circularly polarized rectifying antenna for wireless microwave power transmission

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2 Author(s)
B. Strassner ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX, USA ; Kai Chang

This paper reports a new circularly polarized (CP) high-gain high-efficiency rectifying antenna (rectenna). The CP rectenna can be rotated and still maintain a constant dc output voltage. The high-gain antenna has an advantage of reducing the total number of rectenna elements to cover a fixed area. The rectenna is etched on Rogers Duroid 5870 substrate with εr=2.33 and 10 mil thickness. A high-gain dual-rhombic-loop antenna and a reflecting plane are used to achieve a CP antenna gain of 10.7 dB and a 2:1 voltage standing-wave ratio bandwidth of 10%. The rectenna's pattern has an elliptical cross section with orthogonal beamwidths of 40° and 60°. The rectenna circuit has a coplanar stripline band-reject filter that suppresses the re-radiated harmonics by 20 dB. A highly efficient Schottky diode is used for RF-to-dc conversion with an efficiency of approximately 80% for an input power level of 100 mW and a load resistance of 250 Ω.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques  (Volume:50 ,  Issue: 8 )