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When building a complex pattern recognizer with high-dimensional input features, a number of selection uncertainties arise. Traditional approaches to resolving these uncertainties typically rely either on the researcher's intuition or performance evaluation on validation data, both of which result in poor generalization and robustness on test data. This paper describes a novel recognition technique called members to teams to committee (MTC), which is designed to reduce modeling uncertainty. In particular, the MTC posterior estimator is based on a coordinated set of divide-and-conquer estimators that derive from a three-tiered architectural structure corresponding to individual members, teams, and the overall committee. Basically, the MTC recognition decision is determined by the whole empirical posterior distribution, rather than a single estimate. This paper describes the application of the MTC technique to handwritten gesture recognition and multimodal system integration and presents a comprehensive analysis of the characteristics and advantages of the MTC approach.
Date of Publication: Jul 2002