By Topic

Frequency dependence on bias current in 5 GHz CMOS VCOs: impact on tuning range and flicker noise upconversion

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

6 Author(s)
Levantino, S. ; Dipt. di Elettronica e Inf., Politecnico di Milano, Italy ; Samori, C. ; Bonfanti, A. ; Gierkink, S.L.J.
more authors

The tuning curve of an LC-tuned voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) substantially deviates from the ideal curve 1/√(LC(V)) when a varactor with an abrupt C(V) characteristic is adopted and the full oscillator swing is applied directly across the varactor. The tuning curve becomes strongly dependent on the oscillator bias current. As a result, the practical tuning range is reduced and the upconverted flicker noise of the bias current dominates the 1/f3 close-in phase noise, even if the waveform symmetry has been assured. A first-order estimation of the tuning curve for MOS-varactor-tuned VCOs is provided. Based on this result, a simplified phase-noise model for double cross-coupled VCOs is derived. This model can be easily adapted to cover other LC-tuned oscillator topologies. The theoretical analyses are experimentally validated with a 0.25 μm CMOS fully integrated VCO for 5 GHz wireless LAN receivers. By eliminating the bias current generator in a second oscillator, the close-in phase noise improves by 10 dB and features -70 dBc/Hz at 10 kHz offset. The 1/f2 noise is -132 dBc/Hz at 3 MHz offset. The tuning range spans from 4.6 to 5.7 GHz (21%) and the current consumption is 2.9 mA.

Published in:

Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:37 ,  Issue: 8 )
RFIC Virtual Journal, IEEE