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This paper describes an optimal design method for SMES coils wound with high temperature superconducting (HTS) tapes (e.g., Bi2223/Ag tapes). Recently, the properties of HTS tapes have advanced and HTS magnets have been constructed and demonstrated. However, the HTS tapes have different thermal characteristics compared with the low temperature superconducting (LTS) wires. Therefore, it is necessary to consider these characteristics of HTS tapes at magnet design stage. We propose an optimal design method for SMES coils using Bi2223/Ag tapes. And the proposed configuration is optimized by using the simulated annealing, which is one of the optimization algorithms, under a lot of constraints such as B-I characteristic, storage energy, and so on. The details of the optimization method and examples of its application to small SMES coils (0.5 MJ) using Bi2223/Ag tape are shown.