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Measurements and modeling of soft underlayer materials for perpendicular magnetic recording

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11 Author(s)
Chunghee Chang ; Seagate Technol., Fremont, CA, USA ; M. Plumer ; C. Brucker ; Jianping Chen
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Measurements and modeling of soft magnetic underlayer (SUL) materials for perpendicular magnetic recording application are carried out. The process dependent magnetic properties of FeCoB, CoZrNb, and FeAlN SUL materials on glass and aluminum disk substrates are studied and correlated with spin-stand noise performance. The SUL-induced dc noise amplitude approaches the electronic noise floor for certain material combinations, e.g., FeCoB or CoZrNb on glass, when care is taken to relieve stress-induced perpendicular anisotropy by thermal annealing. Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert micromagnetics, finite-element method calculations, and a micromagnetic recording model show that write field amplitude, write field gradient, and readback waveform are only slightly impacted by SUL moment in the 1-2 T range. Much more important are the head-to-SUL distance and the write head saturation moment. These results suggest that extremely high SUL moment may not be necessary, which can be leveraged to meet other key practical requirements such as corrosion resistance and manufacturability

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IEEE Transactions on Magnetics  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 4 )