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Modified constant modulus algorithm for digital signal processing adaptive antennas with microwave analog beamforming

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2 Author(s)
Denno, S. ; ATR Adaptive Commun. Res. Labs., Kyoto, Japan ; Ohira, T.

This paper proposes a novel algorithm, called modified constant modulus algorithm (M-CMA), which is able to give adaptability to microwave beamforming phased array antennas. Since microwave analog beamformers basically require much fewer RF devices than digital beamformers, microwave analog beamformers based on M-CMA, that is, adaptive microwave beamformers, can be cheaply fabricated. Therefore, they are very suitable for mobile communication systems where both miniaturization and low cost are required for the mobile terminals. M-CMA obtains a gradient vector by a combination of analytical calculation and perturbation of the microwave beamforming control voltage. Though M-CMA is implemented with a digital signal processor, M-CMA controls the microwave analog beamformer by utilizing the gradient vector. The microwave analog beamformer based on M-CMA is analyzed to have the following characteristics: (1) the beamformer can point its main beam to the desired direction in additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channels; (2) although the beamformer may possibly fail in ill solutions in cochannel interference (CCI) channels, M-CMA can converge to the optimum solution when the desired direction is roughly a priori known

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:50 ,  Issue: 6 )