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Dependence of the efficiency-bandwidth product on electrical volume of small dielectric loaded antennas

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5 Author(s)
Ida, I. ; Graduate Sch. of Sci. & Technol., Chiba Univ., Japan ; Sato, J. ; Sekizawa, T. ; Yoshimura, H.
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The efficiency fractional efficiency bandwidth product (EB) that is expressed as a ratio of the radiation resistance to the absolute value of an input reactance of an antenna is used as a performance measure for small dielectric-loaded monopole antennas (DLMAs). The dependence of the efficiency bandwidth (EB) on the permittivity of the dielectric loading (i.e., the electrical volume) is experimentally investigated for the first time after we succeeded in measuring the small radiation resistance of the DLMAs precisely on the basis of the Wheeler cap method. As a result, it was found that the EBs of some DLMAs were enhanced over a bare monopole antenna and an EB characteristic curve has a maximum point. This result suggests the presence of the optimum electrical volume for the dielectric loading in order to obtain the best EB performance. A calculation by the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method was also conducted to confirm the presence of the maximum EB value under a certain condition. A general reason for the existence of the peak value is also explained using a mathematical deduction

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:50 ,  Issue: 6 )