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Semiconductor three-dimensional and two-dimensional photonic crystals and devices

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6 Author(s)
Noda, S. ; Dept. of Electron. Sci. & Eng., Kyoto Univ., Japan ; Imada, M. ; Okano, M. ; Ogawa, S.
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Semiconductor three-dimensional (3-D) and two-dimensional (2-D) photonic crystals and their effects on the control of photons are investigated for possible applications to optical chip and functional devices. First we review our approaches creating full 3-D photonic bandgap crystals at near-infrared wavelengths, and also functional devices based on 2-D photonic crystals where the focus is on surface-emitting-type channel-drop filtering devices utilizing single defects in 2-D photonic crystal slabs. Then, we describe the recent progress on 3- and 2-D crystals. On 3-D crystals, the effect of the introduction of a light emitter into the 3-D photonic crystal is investigated, and the design of a single defect cavity is performed. On the 2-D photonic crystals, the photonic states are investigated from the perspective of their polarization properties

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Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 7 )