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A 100-Mb/s 2.8-V CMOS current-mode analog Viterbi decoder

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2 Author(s)
A. Demosthenous ; Dept. of Electron. & Electr. Eng., Univ. Coll. London, UK ; J. Taylor

This paper describes a 4-state rate-1/2 analog convolutional decoder fabricated in 0.8-μm CMOS technology. Although analog implementations have been described in the literature, this decoder is the first to be reported realizing the add-compare-select section entirely with current-mode analog circuits. It operates at data rates up to 115 Mb/s (channel rate 230 Mb/s) and consumes 39 mW at that rate from a single 2.8-V power supply. At a rate of 100 Mb/s, the power consumption per trellis state is about 1/3 that of a comparable digital system. In addition, at 50 Mb/s (the only rate at which comparative data were available), the power consumption per trellis state is similarly about 1/3 that of the best competing analog realization (i.e., excluding, for example, PR4 detectors which use a simplified form of the Viterbi algorithm). The chip contains 3.7 K transistors of which less than 1 K are used in the analog part of the decoder. The die has a core area of 1 mm2, of which about 1/3 contains the analog section. The measured performance is close to that of an ideal Viterbi decoder with infinite quantization. In addition, a technique is described which extends the application of the circuits to decoders with a larger number of states. A typical example is a 64-state decoder for use in high-speed satellite communications

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits  (Volume:37 ,  Issue: 7 )