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Absolute radiometric calibration of the CCRS SAR

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4 Author(s)
L. M. H. Ulander ; Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, Ottawa, Ont., Canada ; R. K. Hawkins ; C. E. Livingstone ; T. I. Lukowski

Determining the radar scattering coefficients from SAR (synthetic aperture radar) image data requires absolute radiometric calibration of the SAR system. The authors describe an internal calibration methodology for the airborne Canada Centre for Remote Sensing (CCRS) SAR system, based on radar theory, a detailed model of the radar system, and measurements of system parameters. The methodology is verified by analyzing external calibration data acquired over a six-month period in 1988 by the C-band radar using HH polarization. The results indicate that the overall error is ±0.8 dB (1σ) for incidence angles ±20° from antenna boresight. The dominant error contributions are due to the antenna radome and uncertainties in the elevation angle relative to the antenna boresight

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:29 ,  Issue: 6 )