By Topic

Design of bidirectionally pumped fiber amplifiers generating double Rayleigh backscattering

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
Essiambre, R. ; Lightwave Syst. Dept., Lucent Technol. Bell Labs, Holmdel, NJ, USA ; Winzer, P. ; Bromage, J. ; Chul Han Kim

Optimum pumping schemes for bidirectionally pumped distributed fiber amplifiers are evaluated that simultaneously minimize the beat noise between signal and amplified spontaneous emission, as well as between signal and double Rayleigh backscattering. A way of adding a constraint on signal power to describe operation in a strong Kerr fiber nonlinearity regime is included. We show that one can find an optimum Raman net gain, as well as a percentage of forward to total Raman pumping maximizing the signal-to-noise ratio at the end of a transmission line using bidirectionally Raman-pumped transmission fibers.

Published in:

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 7 )