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A MRF model-based segmentation approach to classification for multispectral imagery

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6 Author(s)
Sarkar, A. ; Dept. of Math., Indian Inst. of Technol., Kharagpur, India ; Biswas, M.K. ; Kartikeyan, B. ; Kumar, V.
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An unsupervised segmentation approach to classification of multispectral image is suggested here in Markov random field (MRF) frame work. This work generalizes the work of Sarkar et al. (2000) on gray value images for multispectral images and is extended for landuse classification. The essence of this approach is based on capturing intrinsic characters of tonal and textural regions of any multispectral image. The approach takes an initially oversegmented image and the original. multispectral image as the input and defines a MRF over region adjacency graph (RAG) of the initially segmented regions. Energy function minimization associated with the MRF is carried out by applying a multivariate statistical test. A cluster validation scheme is outlined after obtaining optimal segmentation. Quantitative evaluation of classification accuracy of test data for three illustrations are shown and compared with conventional maximum likelihood procedure. Comparison of the proposed methodology with a recent work of texture segmentation in the literature has also been provided. The findings of the proposed method are found to be encouraging

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 5 )