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In this paper, we evaluate the performance of recently released avalanche photodiode arrays from Advanced Photonix. Inc. (API) for scintillator matrices readout. The Large Area Avalanche Photodiode (LAAPD) quadrant device is a monolithic 2 × 2 pixels structure with an active area of 5.3 mm2 per pixel. The device allows stable operation with high gains up to 200, and detection efficiency of 73 ± 10% for 420 nm photons. It is furthermore characterized by a high linear fill factor of 90% and low noise equal to 16 electrons ENC measured at room temperature. We have measured pixel-to-pixel gain nonuniformity smaller than 1.5% and inter-pixel crosstalk of 1.7% in the pulse mode operation with the device gain of 50. The energy resolution of 12.3 ± 0.5% was achieved for the 511 keV photopeak from a 22Na source placed on top of a 2 × 2 × 10 mm LSO crystal coupled to one pixel of quadrant LAAPD. An array of LSO crystals was later coupled to the device allowing individual crystal identification. Coincidence timing resolution of 1.9 ± 0.1 ns FWHM has been obtained for quadrant pixel with LSO scintillator for the 511 keV peak from 22Na source. Finally, we compared the characteristics and readout performance of LAAPD array with published results of some commercially available APD arrays.
Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, 2001 IEEE (Volume:2 )
Date of Conference: 4-10 Nov. 2001