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Automatic registration of multimodal images involves algorithmically estimating the coordinate transformation required to align the data sets. Most existing methods in the literature are unable to cope with registration of image pairs with large nonoverlapping field of view (FOV). We propose a robust algorithm, based on matching dominant local frequency image representations, which can cope with image pairs with large nonoverlapping FOV The local frequency representation naturally allows for processing the data at different scales/resolutions, a very desirable property from a computational efficiency view point. Our algorithm involves minimizing-over all rigid/affine transformations-the integral of the squared error (ISE or L 2E) between a Gaussian model of the residual and its true density function. The residual here refers to the difference between the local frequency representations of the transformed (by an unknown transformation) source and target data. We present implementation results for image data sets, which are misaligned magnetic resonance (MR) brain scans obtained using different image acquisition protocols as well as misaligned MR-computed tomography scans. We experimently show that our L 2E-based scheme yields better accuracy over the normalized mutual information.