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Characterization of all the elastic, dielectric, and piezoelectric constants of uniaxially oriented poled PVDF films

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3 Author(s)
Yongrae Roh ; Sch. of Mech. Eng., Kyungpook Nat. Univ., Taegu, South Korea ; Varadan, V.V. ; Varadan, Vijay K.

Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), a piezoelectric material, has many useful applications, for example, as sensors, transducers, and surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices. Models of performance of these devices would be useful engineering tools. However, the benefit of the model is only as accurate as the material properties used in the model. The purpose of this investigation is to measure the elastic, dielectric and piezoelectric properties over a frequency range, including the imaginary part (loss) of these properties. Measurements are difficult because poled material is available as thin films, and not all quantities can be measured in that form. All components of the elastic stiffness, dielectric tensor, and electromechanical coupling tensor are needed in the models. The material studied here is uniaxially oriented poled PVDF that has orthorhombic mm2 symmetry. Presented are the frequency dependence of all nine complex elastic constants, three complex dielectric constants, and five complex piezoelectric constants. The PVDF was produced at Raytheon Research Division, Lexington, MA. Measurements were made on thin films and on stacked, cubical samples. The elastic constants c/sub 44//sup D/ and c/sub 55//sup D/, the dielectric constants e/sub 11//sup T/ and e/sub 22//sup T/, as well as the piezoelectric constants g/sub 15/ and g/sub 24/ reported here have not been published before. The values were determined by ultrasonic measurements using an impedance analyzer and a least square data-fitting technique.

Published in:

Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 6 )