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For the last two hundred years, the dominant force in international affairs has been the nation state. Most wars have been caused by attempts to create or expand such states. In contrast, over the next twenty years, the risks to international stability seem as likely to come from other factors: ethnic and religious conflict; population and environmental pressures; competition for scarce resources; drugs, terrorism and crime ... the consequences of initially local crises may spread dramatically throughout an ever more interdependent world. Planning and implementing an effective military response to a crisis is a highly complex problem. There are a host of interdependent factors to consider from the high-level strategic planning of an evolving crisis situation, to the nuts and bolts of moving people, machinery, and supplies.