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Downlink beamforming in a WLAN-type system employing access points and mobiles equipped with multiple antennas and associated receivers and transmitters are considered. The beamforming aims at maximizing the performance under constraints on transmit power or equivalent isotropic radiated power (EIRP). Solutions for the two constraints are derived and investigated using simulated and measured channels. Our simulation and experimental results shows that performance gains of 8-10 dB when using four directional transmitter antennas and two receive antennas (as compared with a base-line one-transmit two-receive), are possible under both constraints. For simulated channels, a delay between channel estimation and use of the same channel of up to 10% of the (inverse of the) Doppler frequency only degrades performance some tenths of a dB. In our measurements, very small degradations are seen with delays of up to 130 ms. The measurements were made under relatively stationary conditions with only occasionally moving people. Two different strategies for updating the beamforming vectors: sounding and ping-pong, are also considered in the paper.
Vehicular Technology Conference, 2002. VTC Spring 2002. IEEE 55th (Volume:4 )
Date of Conference: 2002