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Performance analysis of variable rate: symbol-by-symbol adaptive bit interleaved coded modulation for Rayleigh fading channels

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1 Author(s)
Lau, V.K.N. ; Lucent Technol. Bell Labs., Whippany, NJ, USA

A challenging problem for a high-speed data service over wireless is to protect data over the error-prone fading channel in an effective way (high-bandwidth efficiency). We propose a bandwidth-efficient error correction scheme, namely variable rate adaptive bit interleaved coded modulation (ABICM), for the wireless mobile channel. The code rate and modulation level are varied according to the current channel state to exploit the time-varying nature of the wireless channel. Design challenges to achieve symbol-by-symbol adaptation are addressed. In particular, we address the criteria for choosing the family of component codes for the ABICM system. We propose a multilevel puncturing scheme that solves the problem of symbol-by-symbol adaptive puncturing and interleaving. The equivalent distance spectrum for variable rate symbol-by-symbol adaptive codes is introduced and analytical bounds on adaptive codes are derived that enable us to determine the optimal adaptation thresholds. Two operation modes, namely constant throughput and constant bit error rate (BER) controls, are proposed. It is found that there are significant gains relative to fixed-rate coding in terms of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and throughput. It is also found that the ABICM scheme is essentially not degraded when used with small interleaving depths. This makes the ABICM very suitable for real-time applications

Published in:

Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:51 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

May 2002

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