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Coastal acoustic tomography system and its field application

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8 Author(s)
Yamoaka, H. ; Graduate Sch. of Eng., Hiroshima Univ., Japan ; Kaneko, A. ; Jae-Hun Park ; Hong Zheng
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The coastal acoustic tomography system (CATS), composed of five moored acoustic stations, has been constructed to measure current fields. The system is developed with special considerations in mind, including the use of Global Positioning System clock signals in the synchronization of the system clock timing among the multiple acoustic stations, and the use of the differently coded Gold sequences to identify the acoustic signals corresponding to individual stations from a received signal. The CATS was successfully applied to map the structure of strongly nonlinear tidal currents in the coastal sea. In spite of the limited spatial resolution caused by inadequate sound transmission data, the two-dimensional tidal vortices features of growth, translation, and decay processes are reconstructed through an inverse analysis of the acoustic travel time obtained among the station pairs. It is evident that the CATS is a powerful tool for measuring variable current fields generated in the coastal seas

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Oceanic Engineering, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 2 )