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Real-time geophysical measurements on the deep seafloor using submarine cable in the southern Kurile subduction zone

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13 Author(s)
Hirata, K. ; Deep Sea Res. Dept., Japan Marine Sci. & Technol. Center, Yokosuka, Japan ; Aoyagi, M. ; Mikada, H. ; Kawaguchi, K.
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A permanent real-time geophysical observatory using a submarine cable was developed and deployed to monitor seismicity, tsunamis, and other geophysical phenomena in the southern Kurile subduction zone. The geophysical observatory comprises six bottom sensor units, two branching units, a main electro-optical cable with a length of 240 km and two land stations. The bottom sensor units are: 1) three ocean bottom broadband seismometers with hydrophone; 2) two pressure gauges (PGs); 3) a cable end station with environmental measurement sensors. Real-time data from all the undersea sensors are transmitted through the main electro-optical cable to the land station. The geophysical observatory was installed on the continental slope of the southern Kurile trench, southeast Hokkaido, Japan in July 1999. Examples of observed data are presented. Sensor noises and resolution are mentioned for the ocean bottom broadband seismometers and the PGs, respectively. An adaptable observation system including very broadband seismometers is scheduled to be connected to the branching unit in late 2001. The real-time geophysical observatory is expected to greatly advance the understanding of geophysical phenomena in the southern Kurile subduction zone

Published in:

Oceanic Engineering, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

Apr 2002

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