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This paper presents the estimation of a nonstationary nonlinear model of seizures in infants based on parallel Wiener structures. The model comprises two parts and is partly derived from the Roessgen et al. seizure model. The first part consists of a nonlinear Wiener model of the pure background activity, and the second part in a nonlinear Wiener model of the pure seizure activity with a time-varying deterministic input signal. The two parts are then combined in a parallel structure. The Wiener model consists of an autoregressive moving average filter followed by a nonlinear shaping function to take into account the non-Gaussian statistical behavior of the data. Model estimation was performed on 64 infants of whom four showed signs of clinical and electrical seizures. Model validation is performed using time-frequency-based entropy distance and shows an averaged improvement of 50% in modeling performance compared with the Roessgen model.
Date of Publication: June 2002