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Linear feedback systems and the graph topology

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2 Author(s)
Cantoni, M. ; Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Univ. of Melbourne, Vic., Australia ; Vinnicombe, G.

It is established for general linear systems that the gap metric induces the coarsest topology with respect to which both closed-loop stability and closed-loop performance are robust properties. In earlier works, similar topological results were obtained by exploiting the existence of particular coprime-factor system representations, not known to exist in general. By contrast, the development here does not rely on any specific system representations. Systems are simply characterized as subspaces of norm bounded input-output pairs, and the analysis hinges on the underlying geometric structure of the feedback stabilization problem. Unlike other work developed within such a framework, fundamental issues concerning the causality of feedback interconnections are discussed explicitly. The key result of this paper concerns the difference between linear feedback interconnections, with identical controllers, in terms of a performance/robustness related closed-loop mapping. Upper and lower bounds on the induced norm of this difference are derived, allowing for possibly infinite-dimensional input-output spaces and time-varying behavior. The bounds are both proportional to the gap metric distance between the plants, which clearly demonstrates the gap to be an appropriate measure of the difference between open-loop systems from the perspective of closed-loop behavior. To conclude, an example is presented to show that bounds of the form derived here for linear systems do not hold in a general nonlinear setting

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Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 5 )