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The characteristic polarization states and the equi-power curves

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8 Author(s)
Jian Yang ; Dept. of Electron. Eng., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China ; Y. Yamaguchi ; H. Yamada ; Z. H. Czyz
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Characteristic polarization state theory is restudied for the symmetric coherent Sinclair scattering matrix case. First, the geometric relations of the characteristic polarization states on the Poincare sphere are derived. Based on these relations, simple formulas are given for all of the characteristic polarization states of this Sinclair matrix in Stokes vector form. From the formulation, it is clear that the CO-POL Nulls are fundamental characteristic polarization states for the symmetric coherent Sinclair scattering matrix case, in that the others can straightforwardly be obtained from the Stokes vectors of the CO-POL Nulls. For further study of the characteristic polarization state and the distribution of the received powers on the Poincare sphere, the authors introduce the concept of the equi-power curve. It is defined as the curve on the Poincare sphere on which the received powers in some defined channel have the same value. They deal with the characteristics of the equi-power curves for various special cases. In addition, they show how the characteristic polarization states are generated by the equi-power curves. It is demonstrated that the characteristic polarization states can usually be regarded as the points of contact of the Poincare sphere and a conicoid representing a power-related quadratic form. This leads to a new method to introduce the characteristic polarization states

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IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 2 )