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Network-based control systems: a tutorial

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2 Author(s)
Mo-Yuen Chow ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC, USA ; Tipsuwan, Y.

There are two general structures to design a control system through a network. The first structure is to have several subsystems, in which each of the subsystem contains a set of sensors, a set of actuators, and a controller by itself. These system components are attached to the same control plant. In this case, a subsystem controller receives a set point from the central controller. Another structure is to connect a set of sensors and a set of actuators to a network directly. Sensors and actuators in this case are attached to a plant, while a controller is separated from the plant via a network connection to perform a closed-loop control over the network. A challenging problem in control of networked-based system is network delay effects. The time to read a sensor measurement and to send a control signal to an actuator through the network depends on network characteristics such as their topologies, routing schemes, etc. Therefore, the overall performance of a network-based control system can be significantly affected by network delays. The severity of the delay problem is aggravated when data loss occurs during a transmission. Moreover, the delays do not only degrade the performance of a network-based control system, but also can destabilize the system. This tutorial presents fundamental details of network-based control and recent network-based control techniques for handling the network delays. The techniques are based on various concepts such as state augmentation, queuing and probability theory, nonlinear control and perturbation theory, and scheduling. A general structure of a network-based control system, delay types, and delay behaviors are also described in this tutorial. In addition, advantages and disadvantages of these techniques are discussed

Published in:

Industrial Electronics Society, 2001. IECON '01. The 27th Annual Conference of the IEEE  (Volume:3 )

Date of Conference:

2001