By Topic

Signal-space characterization of iterative decoding

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
B. J. Frey ; Fac. of Comput. Sci., Waterloo Univ., Ont., Canada ; R. Koetter ; A. Vardy

By tracing the flow of computations in the iterative decoders for low-density parity-check codes, we formulate a signal-space view for a finite number of iterations in a finite-length code. On a Gaussian channel, maximum a posteriori (MAP) codeword decoding (or “maximum-likelihood decoding”) decodes to the codeword signal that is closest to the channel output in Euclidean distance. In contrast, we show that iterative decoding decodes to the “pseudosignal” that has highest correlation with the channel output. The set of pseudosignals corresponds to “pseudocodewords”, only a vanishingly small number of which correspond to codewords. We show that some pseudocodewords cause decoding errors, but that there are also pseudocodewords that frequently correct the deleterious effects of other pseudocodewords

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Information Theory  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 2 )