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A stiffness-based quality measure for compliant grasps and fixtures

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3 Author(s)
Lin, Qiao ; Div. of Eng. & Appl. Sci., California Inst. of Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA ; Burdick, J.W. ; Rimon, E.

This paper presents a systematic approach to quantifying the effectiveness of compliant grasps and fixtures of an object. The approach is physically motivated and applies to the grasping of two- and three-dimensional objects by any number of fingers. The approach is based on a characterization of the frame-invariant features of a grasp or fixture stiffness matrix. In particular, we define a set of frame-invariant characteristic stiffness parameters, and provide physical and geometric interpretation for these parameters. Using a physically meaningful scheme to make the rotational and translational stiffness parameters comparable, we define a frame-invariant quality measure, which we call the stiffness quality measure. An example of a frictional grasp illustrates the effectiveness of the quality measure. We then consider the optimal grasping of frictionless polygonal objects by three and four fingers. Such frictionless grasps are useful in high-load fixturing applications, and their relative simplicity allows an efficient computation of the globally optimal finger arrangement. We compute the optimal finger arrangement in several examples, and use these examples to discuss properties that characterize the stiffness quality measure

Published in:

Robotics and Automation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 6 )

Date of Publication:

Dec 2000

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