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Multiframe temporal estimation of cardiac nonrigid motion

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3 Author(s)
McEachen, J.C. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Naval Postgraduate Sch., Monterey, CA, USA ; Nehorai, Arye ; Duncan, J.S.

A robust, flexible system for tracking the point to point nonrigid motion of the left ventricular (LV) endocardial wall in image sequences has been developed. This system is unique in its ability to model motion trajectories across multiple frames. The foundation of this system is an adaptive transversal filter based on the recursive least-squares algorithm. This filter facilitates the integration of models for periodicity and proximal smoothness as appropriate using a contour-based description of the object's boundaries. A set of correspondences between contours and an associated set of correspondence quality measures comprise the input to the system. Frame-to-frame relationships from two different frames of reference are derived and analyzed using synthetic and actual images. Two multiframe temporal models, both based on a sum of sinusoids, are derived. Illustrative examples of the system's output are presented for quantitative analysis. Validation of the system is performed by comparing computed trajectory estimates with the trajectories of physical markers implanted in the LV wall. Sample case studies of marker trajectory comparisons are presented. Ensemble statistics from comparisons with 15 marker trajectories are acquired and analyzed. A multiframe temporal model without spatial periodicity constraints was determined to provide excellent performance with the least computational cost. A multiframe spatiotemporal model provided the best performance based on statistical standard deviation, although at significant computational expense

Published in:

Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 4 )