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In this paper, we review a new piece of equipment that allows one to characterize the phase noise of crystal resonators using a phase bridge system with carrier suppression. This equipment allows one to measure the inherent phase stability of quartz crystal resonators in a passive circuit without the noise usually associated with an active oscillator. We achieved a system noise floor of approximately -150 dBc/Hz at 1 Hz and -160 dBc/Hz, at 10 Hz. A SPICE characterization of the carrier suppression system is given. An investigation of the phase modulation (PM) noise in 10 MHz BVA, SC-cut quartz crystal resonator pairs is presented.
Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:47 , Issue: 2 )
Date of Publication: March 2000