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The vocabulary and grammar of color patterns

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5 Author(s)
A. Mojsilovic ; Bell Labs., Lucent Technol., Murray Hill, NJ, USA ; J. Kovacevic ; D. Kall ; R. J. Safranek
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We determine the basic categories and the hierarchy of rules used by humans in judging similarity and matching of color patterns. The categories are: (1) overall color; (2) directionality and orientation; (3) regularity and placement; (4) color purity; (5) complexity and heaviness. These categories form the pattern vocabulary which is governed by the grammar rules. Both the vocabulary and the grammar were obtained as a result of a subjective experiment. Experimental data were interpreted using multidimensional scaling techniques yielding the vocabulary and the hierarchical clustering analysis, yielding the grammar rules. Finally, we give a short overview of the existing techniques that can be used to extract and measure the elements of the vocabulary

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Image Processing  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 3 )