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Improving the stability of algebraic curves for applications

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3 Author(s)
Tasdizen, T. ; Div. of Eng., Brown Univ., Providence, RI, USA ; Tarel, J.-P. ; Cooper, D.B.

An algebraic curve is defined as the zero set of a polynomial in two variables. Algebraic curves are practical for modeling shapes much more complicated than conics or superquadrics. The main drawback in representing shapes by algebraic curves has been the lack of repeatability in fitting algebraic curves to data. Usually, arguments against using algebraic curves involve references to mathematicians Wilkinson (and Runge). The first goal of this article is to understand the stability issue of algebraic curve fitting. Then a fitting method based on ridge regression and restricting the representation to well behaved subsets of polynomials is proposed, and its properties are investigated. The fitting algorithm is of sufficient stability for very fast position-invariant shape recognition, position estimation, and shape tracking, based on invariants and new representations. Among appropriate applications are shape-based indexing into image databases

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Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 3 )