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Line-based, reduced memory, wavelet image compression

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2 Author(s)
Chrysafis, C. ; Hewlett-Packard Labs., Palo Alto, CA, USA ; Ortega, A.

This paper addresses the problem of low memory wavelet image compression. While wavelet or subband coding of images has been shown to be superior to more traditional transform coding techniques, little attention has been paid until recently to the important issue of whether both the wavelet transforms and the subsequent coding can be implemented in low memory without significant loss in performance. We present a complete system to perform low memory wavelet image coding. Our approach is “line-based” in that the images are read line by line and only the minimum required number of lines is kept in memory. There are two main contributions of our work. First, we introduce a line-based approach for the implementation of the wavelet transform, which yields the same results as a “normal” implementation, but where, unlike prior work, we address memory issues arising from the need to synchronize encoder and decoder. Second, we propose a novel context-based encoder which requires no global information and stores only a local set of wavelet coefficients. This low memory coder achieves performance comparable to state of the art coders at a fraction of their memory utilization

Published in:

Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 3 )