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The common randomness capacity of a network of discrete memoryless channels

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2 Author(s)
Venkatesan, S. ; Sch. of Electr. Eng., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA ; Anantharam, V.

We generalize our previous results on generating common randomness at two terminals to a situation where any finite number of agents, interconnected by an arbitrary network of independent, point-to-point, discrete memoryless channels, wish to generate common randomness by interactive communication over the network. Our main result is an exact characterization of the common randomness capacity of such a network, i.e., the maximum number of bits of randomness that all the agents can agree on per step of communication. As a by-product, we also obtain a purely combinatorial result, viz., a characterization of (the incidence vectors of) the spanning arborescences rooted at a specified vertex in a digraph, and having exactly one edge exiting the root, as precisely the extreme points of a certain unbounded convex polyhedron, described by a system of linear inequalities

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 2 )