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Fast and robust registration of 3D surfaces using low curvature patches

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3 Author(s)
Nguyen, V.-D. ; GE R&D, Schenectady, NY, USA ; Nzomigni, V. ; Stewart, C.V.

The paper describes a novel range data registration algorithm, specifically designed for accuracy, speed, and robustness. Like many recent registration techniques, our Robust-Closest-Patch algorithm (RCP) iteratively matches model patches to data surfaces based on the current pose and then re-estimates pose based on these matches. RCP has several novel features: 1) online registration is driven by low curvature patches computed from the model offline; 2) an approximate normal distance between a patch and a surface is used, avoiding the need to estimate local surface normal and curvature from noisy data; 3) pose is solved exactly by a linear system in six parameters, using a symmetric formulation of the rotation constraint; 4) robustness is ensured using an M-estimator that estimates both the rigid pose parameters and the error standard deviation. Results are shown using models and range data from turbine blade inspection

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3-D Digital Imaging and Modeling, 1999. Proceedings. Second International Conference on

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