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Microwave transfer model differences in remote sensing of cloud liquid water at low temperatures

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3 Author(s)
Lipton, A.E. ; Atmos. & Environ. Res. Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA ; Griffin, M.K. ; Ling, A.G.

Results from two popular models for the complex permittivity of liquid water were compared, as applied to radiative transfer computations in the 5-250 GHz range. Substantial differences were found in situations with cloud temperatures below 0°C. Simulations of cloud liquid water retrievals from satellite and ground-based instruments demonstrated that uncertainties in the models at low temperatures can lead to large retrieval errors

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:37 ,  Issue: 1 )