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Adaptive normalization of handwritten characters using global/local affine transformation

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2 Author(s)
T. Wakahara ; Human Interface Labs., NTT Corp., Kanagawa, Japan ; K. Odaka

This paper introduces an adaptive or category-dependent normalization method that normalizes an input pattern against each reference pattern using global/local affine transformation (GAT/LAT) in a hierarchical manner as a general deformation model. Also, the normalization criterion is clearly defined as minimization of the mean of nearest-neighbor interpoint distances between each reference pattern and a normalized input pattern. Optimal GAT/LAT is determined by iterative application of weighted least-squares fitting techniques. Experiments using input patterns of 3,171 character categories, including Kanji, Kana, and alphanumerics, written by 36 people in the cursive style against square-style reference patterns show that the proposed method not only can absorb a fairly large amount of handwriting fluctuation within the same category, but the discrimination ability is greatly improved by the suppression of excessive normalization against similarly shaped but different categories. Furthermore, comparative results obtained by the conventional shape normalization method for preprocessing are presented

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 12 )